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New Crosswalk Lights in Sacramento

New traffic devices are popping up in the Sacramento area.  These crosswalk lights, called Pedestrian Hybrid Beacons, are activated when a pedestrian pushes the cross button.  The new lights have two red lights on the top and a yellow light on the bottom.  When activated by the pedestrian, the yellow light flashes for motorists. This…
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Tea Rose-Rectanus Common Law Defense to Trademark Infringement

In a recent decisions, the Ninth Circuit aligns with the Seventh and Eighth Circuits in holding that the common law defense to trademark infringement, known as the Tea Rose-Rectanus doctrine, that protects the use of a mark in a remote geographic area is not available when the alleged infringer has knowledge of prior use. Read…
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Enforcing Foreign Judgments in California

Foreign Judgments may be enforced in California in the same manner as California judgments. However, before a foreign judgment may be enforced, it must be recognized by the California Courts. The procedure for recognition of the foreign judgment depends on whether the foreign judgment is classified as a sister state judgment or a foreign country…
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Trade Dress in Product Design

  A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol, or design, or a combination thereof, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods from one person or entity, from those of another. Service marks are the same as trademarks, but they distinguish the services of one person or entity, from those of another. In common…
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